OBOE Style Sheet

All submissions happen through our online publishing platform. Please log in or register to make a submission.
OBOE manuscripts should conform to the guidelines set forth in the Chicago Manual of Style (CMS). A shortened version to the CMS is available online at www.chicagomanualofstyle.org. Additional rules are provided below. In composing your article please refer to this style sheet, the CMS online guide, or if possible the print edition of the CMS.

General Article Guidelines

  • Length: The standard length of an academic essay is between 5,000 and 8,000 words, and this includes footnotes.
  • Body-text font: 12-point Times New Roman or Times, double-spaced
  • Footnote font: 10-point Times New Roman or Times, single-spaced
  • Title: Place full title of the article at the hear of the paper in standard title caps
  • Name of Author: Place your full name below the title as you would wish it to appear if published


  • Non-English words should be set in italics.
  • Authors are responsible for making sure that proper names and foreign words are spelled correctly.
  • All contractions should be spelled out in full.
  • Use double quotation marks, not single.
  • Use –ise spellings rather than –ize.
  • Names ending in –s take a full apostrophe ‘s’ to indicate possession (e.g. Philpotts’s spurious argumentation).
  • Numbers should be spelled out up to, and including, one hundred.
  • Use the present tense when referring to the ongoing arguments (non-historical).
  • Dates should be given in the following format: November 19, 2016
  • Sentences should be separated by only one space.

Notes and References – General Guidelines
Use CMS-style footnotes to cite works or provide sidebar commentary. 

  • Footnotes should be used only for references, supplemental comments, and additional information. When possible footnoted text should be placed into the main text as part of the material of the article. 

  • The first citation of a work should include full bibliographic information.
  • After initial full citation, the footnoting style and sequence should be author's last name, abbreviated title of the work, page number. 

When citing titles of foreign works, follow the capitalisation rules established in CMS, which prescribe sentence-style caps. Translations into English, however, follow the conventional English-language headline style.

Notes and Bibliography – Examples 

Some of the most common citation forms are sampled below. Please consult CMS online http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide/citation-guide-1.html#cg-news for a comprehensive list of citation templates and examples.


  • Anthony Gardner and Charles Green, Biennials, Triennials, and Documenta: The Exhibitions that Created Contemporary Art (Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 2016), 3.
  • Theodor Adorno and Max Horkheimer, “The Culture Industry”, in Gunzelin Schmid Noerr (ed.), trans. Edmind Jephcott, Dialectic of Enlightenment. Philosophical Fragments (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2002), 94-136.
  • Walter Benjamin, “The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction”, in Hannah Arendt (ed.), Illuminations (New York: Schocken Books, 1986).

Chapter in an Edited Book 

  • Sabine Marshall, “The Impact of the Two Johannesburg Biennials on the Formation of a “New South African Art”, in Elena Filipovic, Marieke van Hal, Solveig Øvstebø (eds.), The Biennial Reader: An Anthology on Large-Scale Perrenial Exhibitions of Contemporary Art (Ostfildern: Hatje Cantz, 2010), 454-465.

Journal Article and Journal Article Online 

  • Lukas Fuchsgruber and Thomas Skowronek, “Introduction: Art History, Art Market Studies and the Question of Theory”, Journal for Art Market Studies I, no. 2 (2017): 1-4.
  • Matthew Philpotts, Marianne Van Remoortel, Kristin Ewins, Maaike Koffeman, and Thomas Smits, “Editorial”, Journal of European Periodical Studies II, no. 1 (Summer 2017): 1-2, doi: 10.21825/jeps.v2i1.4903, accessed March 2020. 

Newspaper Article and Newspaper Article Online 

Magazine Article 

  • Benjamin H.D. Buchloh, “Beuys: The Twilight of the Idol, Preliminary Notes for a Critique”, Artforum 18, no. 5 (January 1980): 35-43

Exhibition Catalogue 

  • Achille Bonito Oliva, “Aperto 80”, in Biennale di Venezia, Visual Art Section 1980 (June 1 - September 28, 1980), exh. cat. (Venice: La Biennale, 1980).

The maximum number of images OBOE can publish per article is 7. We encourage authors to submit the maximum number. Please send images as individual files. Do not insert them within the body of your submission email nor within the body of your article. 

  • Images should be sent preferably as TIFF, JPEG files, and should be no less than 300 dpi resolution.
  • When submitting please assign figure numbers to all images. The numbers assigned to the images should reflect the order in which figures should appear in the article. File names should clearly indicate the figure number and preferably author last name: e.g. 01fig-Lastname.tif, 02fig-Lastname.tif, etc. 

 Authors are responsible for obtaining and documenting all credits and copyright permissions for images they wish to be published in OBOE, and are required to send the editors the letters of permission before the article is published.

Image captions
Authors must supply descriptive captions for each image they intend to publish in the article. 

  • You may include the size preference for each image, as you would like it to appear in the final print or pdf form: small (half page), medium (2/3 page), or large (full page). Remember that the journal can accommodate only a certain number of images as large or medium in each issue.
  • Artist’s first and last name. Title, Year. Materials or media (if applicable), dimensions (if applicable). Location (if applicable). Image courtesy of ___. Photograph by ___ (if applicable)